How to Install Solar Panels Step-by-step Guide
You will be able to get all the information you want on this page on the intricate procedure of installing solar panels. You will not only find information about the installation process itself; in fact, it is more than that because you will be able to find out about each and every one of the steps that came before and came after the installation process that you must take in order to be able to install a photovoltaic system in your home.
There are a few different steps involved in the process of installing solar panels. In this article, we will walk you through the process of installing a solar panel system in your house, including what steps you need to do at every stage of the process, from planning the installation to starting the system and registering it.
A walkthrough of the steps taken before installing solar panels
- First and foremost, the first thing that you need to do in order to install your solar panels is to obtain, based on the capabilities of your home, both a proposal for a photovoltaic installation as well as an analysis of the consumption that your home currently generates. This will allow you to determine how much power your home will require once the solar panels are installed.
- A group of experienced roofers will need to do preliminary research on the kind of roof you have, as well as its orientation and surface area, during the second phase or stage of the process. In order to determine in this manner if it satisfies the necessary requirements to be able to install the solar panels that best adapt both to their consumption habits and to the physical conditions of the same installation, obtaining from this mode a higher performance from the installation, the possible shadows that are associated with it must also be included. This can be done by including the possible shadows that are associated with it.
- After you have completed the first steps, you will need to continue submitting certain processes and licenses to the associated town hall while simultaneously waiting for your town hall to provide its approval of these at the appropriate time. On the other hand, you are responsible for paying any applicable fines or taxes, however, it is important to keep in mind that you may be eligible for a number of reductions due to the fact that you will be using the self-consumption facilities.
- After you have completed all of these steps in sequence, you will be able to put photovoltaic panels on your roof. This will allow you to generate electricity from the sun.
How are solar panels attached to their mountings during the installation process?
Next, we are going to go ahead and begin to educate you on the sequence of actions that need to be carried out in order to successfully attach your photovoltaic solar panels. Keep in mind that this is a very detailed procedure that has to be carried out with the greatest care by a competent professional in order to ensure that your system will operate correctly and to prevent severe difficulties in the future.
Step 1: First thing you need to figure out is how to attach the supports for the solar installation.
To begin, you will need to install the supports for the solar panels on the top of the roof before you install the solar panels themselves, not the other way around. There may be variations in the sort of structure that is employed, depending on the kind of roof that is there and the slope of the roof. One illustration of this may be that the support structure might not be the same in a roof that has modules placed coplanar to it and a roof that is flat and has modules that will be inclined in order to achieve the highest possible level of efficiency. This would be one way to achieve this goal. Additionally, the structure should not be ballasted, and the well-known sail effect should be avoided. This involves making certain that the panels and the structure will not be blown away by the effects of the wind. Ballasting the structure and avoiding the sail effect are both important considerations.
Step 2: In the second step, attach the cover and the solar panels.
After you have ensured that the structure is situated in the appropriate location, you will need to secure it to the roof before you are able to install the solar panels on it. This technique may be carried out in a number of distinct ways, each of which is determined by the nature of the roof and the angle at which it is pitched.
The roof is often pitched at an angle; for example, in Peru, it is common for roofs to be pitched at an angle ranging from 10 degrees to 30 degrees, which helps the performance of your installation. The Arabic-type tile is often used as the raw material for its production; however, there are a few exceptions to this rule, including the use of tiles that are coated or covered with asphalt cloth, and tiles made of slate, and a few other types of materials. The kind of support that is used could change according to the kind of roof that the panels are going to be fastened to.
After properly securing the structure to the top of the roof, you will need to position the modules, secure them to the structure, and link them to one another before moving on to the last step of the process, which involves connecting the modules to the inverter.
Step 3: Connect to the Solar Inverter
In order to ensure that the panels are correctly connected, we will have to make the connections in series between the solar panels that are located in the same row or string. The interconnection will be carried out in parallel, with the manner in which it is accomplished always depending on the configuration of the solar panels and the inverter. We will be using what are known as MC4 connectors to make the connection, and we have the option of doing so either in parallel or directly from the inverter. If we make a poor connection, this will have a negative effect on the total performance of the photovoltaic solar installation, leading to problems such as the so-called hot spots that can also affect the structure and composition of the photovoltaic solar panel. Therefore, when making the connections, they need to be perfectly fastened because if we make a bad connection, this will have a negative effect on the total performance of the photovoltaic solar installation.
Therefore, the inverter is the ultimate destination for the electricity that is generated by the solar modules.
The final step that needs to be completed is the parallel connection, which will be made directly in the inverter. This will finish off the direct current (DC) component of the installation. In order to accomplish this, we will convert the energy that is gathered by each solar panel from the sun’s radiation into an electric current and then conduct it in the opposite direction. This will be situated in a location that is conveniently close to the home’s electrical panel.
We should not put the inverter in the southern part of the house because its performance will suffer if it gets too hot, and we should also keep it away from direct sunlight and any other kind of heat source. This is one of the recommendations that we should follow. Therefore, it is preferable to install it inside the house; however, in the event that this is not possible, we will search for a location that is shielded from inclement weather, whether it be extreme heat or heavy precipitation and wind.
The inverter’s primary job is to convert the continuous supply of energy that it receives into alternating current, which is the type of electricity that is utilized on a daily basis in residential settings. The investor will automatically bring about the change, and it will have a predetermined magnitude and frequency. All of this will be taken care of so that we can enjoy it without having to be concerned about anything.
The final step will be to connect the inverter to the electrical panel as if it were a separate circuit in the house; this will bring the installation of the alternating current (AC) component to a successful conclusion.
Step 4: the fourth step involves the storage of any remaining energy in batteries
If we make the decision to store the energy that we produce with the panels, in addition to learning how to install the modules within the house, you will also be interested in learning how the accumulators are linked. If we make this decision, you will need to know how to install the modules.
The inverter that we will need to purchase must be a hybrid model that is capable of handling the process of charging and discharging the batteries. The batteries are among the most costly and sensitive components of the photovoltaic solar system. The storage capacity of the batteries will be determined by the amount of energy that is required as well as the photovoltaic solar system that is put in place.
It is possible to perform it in more than one method, depending on the level of stress and the capacity that is required. The connection of the batteries may be done in parallel, in series, or in both series and parallel, of course, always with the same batteries. Other methods of connecting the batteries are also possible. If we opt to connect the batteries in parallel, we will be able to keep the voltage the same while achieving double the capacity of the batteries. If we do it in series, the results we will get will be the reverse of what we were expecting; the capacity of the batteries will remain the same, but their voltage will be increased by a factor of two. If we go with the third option, which involves connecting the batteries in series and parallel, we will be able to increase both the capacity and the voltage of the batteries.